Privacy Issues Surrounding Biometric Technology

The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center have provoked in-depth discussion and study of existing security measures, their deficiencies, and how to enhance security to prevent similar terrorist attacks from occurring in the future. Biometric technology has risen to the top of the list as a possible solution. The government is not the only entity exploring biometric security systems. The financial services industry see biometrics as a way to curb identity theft. Biometrics are intrinsic physical characteristics used to identify individuals. The most commonly used biometric is fingerprints but others include, handprints, facial features, iris & retinal scans, and voice recognition.

Soon after 9/11 there were calls for the issuance of national ID cards containing biometric information on an RFID chip implanted on the card. The argument is that national ID cards will increase security by identifying individuals with their unique fingerprints which are much more difficult to counterfeit than standard photo ID cards. There is also a movement toward biometric passports. It looks like biometric passports are coming soon. National ID cards may follow.

Biometric identification is nothing new. Humans have been identifying other humans biometrically since the beginning of time. You recognize people you know by their facial features, their voice, and other biometric features. What’s new is introducing technology into the mix that compares a given biometric with a stored database of biometrics to verify the identity of an individual. An individual place their finger on a fingerprint scanner and the image is compared with the database to verify the person’s identity. Promising as it is, biometric technology has not been without hiccups but biometrics are advancing quickly and becoming more and more prevalent in security systems.

Fingerprints are the most commonly used biometric identifiers. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) conducted a study that showed single fingerprint biometric systems had a 98.6 percent accuracy rate. The accuracy rate rose to 99.6 percent when 2 fingerprints were used and an almost perfect 99.9 percent when 4 or more fingerprints were used. The study results show that biometric identification is nearly perfect which is not surprising given the uniqueness of human fingerprints.

The US-VISIT program, which is an acronym for United States Visitor & Immigrant Status Indicator Technology, currently requires foreign visitors to the US to present a biometric passport containing 2 fingerprints and a digital photo for identification purposes before being granted admission to the U.S. Of course the biometrics are compared against a vast network of government databases full of known and suspected terrorists and other criminals.

On the surface biometric technology may sound like a panacea but it’s use has raised significant privacy concerns that need to be addressed. Here are six major privacy concerns: storage, vulnerability, confidence, authenticity, linking, and ubiquity.

Critics wonder how the data will be stored and how vulnerable it will be to theft or abuse. Confidence issues center around the implications of false positives and false negatives. Can the biometric data be used to link to other information about the individual such as marital status, religion, employment status, etc.? And finally ubiquity. What are the implications of leaving electronic “bread crumbs” to mark a trail detailing every movement an individual makes?

Until these issues are addressed, privacy advocates will lead a charge to resist biometric technology claiming it as a way for the government to assume a “Big Brother” type of rule as described in George Orwell’s novel 1984. But protest as they may, it’s likely national security concerns and the ability of biometric systems to enhance the security of US border and possibly prevent another major terrorist attack will win out over privacy concerns.

Affordable Auto Insurance – The Professional Advantage

There are professions that are more likely to get affordable auto insurance. Read through this article to see if yours is one of such professions. Where it's not, you can learn what makes those professions attract such discounts and then implement them. Over time you'll also reap the fruits of such adjustments. Lastly, I'll also show you how anyone (in spite of their profession) can lower their auto insurance premium.

Certain professions give attention to details more than others. In fact, it's the very basis for their success. You can, for example, be negligent as a book binder without endangering the lives of many. However, you can not be negligent as a pilot and not cause the death of hundreds or even thousands. Therefore, as part of their training, they're made to develop great attention to details.

Now, the thing about training is that once absorbed, it affects you even outside the very practice of your profession. That's what happens to these folks who've been trained to give attention to minute details. Furthermore, in the case of professionals like pilots, being safety conscious is so much a part of their daily routine that it has become second nature to them.

As if those were not enough, in these kinds of professions, your professional license could be designated if you're convinced of recklessness on the road. Therefore, these are very less likely to be involved in accidents. And, the lower the likelihood of a claim, the more affordable your auto insurance premium would be.

Now, even if you do not belong to such professions where your conduct on the road could impact your rise, you'll do well to have as if it will. Avoid those tickets. Like someone said, they cost you much more than the fines. Take your time to learn all you can to become a better driver (This includes taking courses in defensive driving). More than lowering your premium, you'll save yourself and others the pain of being involved in an accident.

Finally, whether you belong to these favored professions or not, you can get affordable auto insurance by shopping around. With the internet, all it will take is only a few minutes. Take your time to visit at least 3 quotes sites for affordable auto insurance. The very good ones will return about five quotes for you to make your comparison. I recommend that you visit at least three of such sites so you will ensure that you do not miss a quote from an insurance company not covered by any of the other auto insurance quotes sites.

Please (This is very important), make sure you input the same information in all the sites. If you vary the information you supply, you will not be able to get quotes that will lead you to very informed comparisons.

Exercise and Weight Loss How it Helps Your Health

Weight loss exercise is so critical to weight loss. Weight gain is caused by consuming too many kilojoules (or calories) whether they are from carbohydrate, protein or fat.

Exercise plays an important role in maintaining a healthy body, and it makes it possible to create a calorie deficit and lose weight without starving your body and slowing your metabolism.

Exercise is frequently divided into two categories, both of which burn calories: Aerobic exercise, also called cardiovascular exercise or simply “cardio,” causes you to breathe harder and increases your heart rate.

And resistance training which uses weights in order to build muscle.

Exercise delays the progress of many diseases. Exercise and a balanced diet are the key factors in fat loss and weight reduction. Exercise is a great tool for weight loss but in reality, weight loss should end up being the happy side effect that results when someone starts up a program.

Exercise and diet are the key to weight loss. Exercise and eating right must become one of those things that you do without question, like bathing and brushing your teeth.

Exercise can do wonders for heartburn prevention, regulating bodily functions and leading to weight loss that can relieve heartburn-causing pressure on your stomach.

Exercise doesn’t have to be confined to any particular hour of the day, but it is thought to be better to do cardio workouts in the morning. Conventional wisdom claims that you need to exercise for30-minutes each day and that this demand can be broken down into six five minute sessions or three ten minute sessions,whichever suits you best.

Exercise should be regular and vigorous, but begun slowly and only gradually increased in strenuousness.

Aerobic exercise makes the lungs work harder as the body’s need for oxygen is increased. Aerobic exercise won’t offset the loss in lean muscle caused by dieting.

Aerobic exercise combined with weight loss is recommended for the management of elevated BP in sedentary, overweight individuals. Aerobic exercise burns more calories initially, but lifting weights increases muscle mass, and muscle burns more calories than fat.

Muscles use more calories than fat throughout the day, even while you are resting.

Physical activity as part of a fat loss strategy works and also appears to encourage healthier eating patterns. Physical activity supports healing and helps you cope with disease when it is already present. Physical activity has many advantages when it comes to weight loss.

Exercising for 20 minutes first thing in the morning is like exercising for an hour, later in the afternoon or evening from a fat burning standpoint.

Exercising at night may lead to difficulty falling asleep, but certainly, if this is the only time that you have available, take advantage of the opportunity. Exercising for short periods of time with access to home exercise equipment improves Exercising without dieting is known to be as effective for modest weight loss but a combination of exercise and diet is better long term.

Exercising vigorously will tire you out right afterwards, but over time as your body adjusts, you will find you have more energy.

Cardiovascular activity is great for preventing weight gain and great for weight management, but when used alone, it’s not the perfect method for weight loss. Cardiovascular exercise is one of the best health insurance policies on the planet.

Losing weight can only be achieved by eating less and moving more. Losing fat around the hips and thighs can be harder, but exercise is needed if you want to lose that fat long term.